Why is Mechanical Engineer One of the Most Demanded Jobs in the UK?

In recent years, with the advent of new technologies and advancements, the demand for mechanical engineers has skyrocketed in the UK. New businesses and organizations tend to look for novel ways to reduce costs and increase productivity. Therefore, mechanical engineers play a crucial role in an industry where everything has become tech-driven.

In this blog, we will give you information about the components required to become a successful mechanical engineer in the UK. So, if you are an enthusiastic techie and want to build your career in the UK, then this article will help you take the next steps in your career path.

Skills and Qualifications Required for a Mechanical Engineer in the UK

The UK economy is constantly growing, and the demand for some specific mechanical skills is soaring. Here is a list of skill sets that are necessary for a mechanical engineer to possess to work professionally.

  • Mathematical and Analytical Skills
  • Proper knowledge of CAD and CAM software
  • Product Designing 
  • Command on certain tools like a 3D printer
  • Prototyping
  • Testing and troubleshooting
  • Attention to Details 
  • Problem-solving skills
  • Technical Aptitude 
  • Good communication skills and confidence in dealing with a range of people, including clients, contractors, designers, directors and plant operators.
  • Concise and impactful written communication skills
  • IT skills, particularly computer-aided design
  • Team Work
  • Organizational skills, such as time and resource planning
  • Fluency in a second language – depending on the type of industry, this may help deal with international offices or clients.

Qualifications Required to Become a Mechanical Engineer

  • Most employers require mechanical engineers to have at least a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering or mechanical engineering technology.
  • Mechanical engineering programs usually include courses in mathematics and life and physical sciences, as well as engineering and design.
  • Mechanical engineers who sell services publicly must be licensed in all states and the District of Columbia.
  • Mechanical engineers need specific qualifications and some engineering work experience under their belt.
  • To become a mechanical engineer, you’ll need to earn an undergraduate mechanical engineering degree from an ABET-accredited program.

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Job Roles for Mechanical Engineers in the UK   

Mechanical engineering is a diverse field, and there are many job roles available for mechanical engineers in the UK. These job roles vary depending on the industry and company. However, some of the most common job roles for mechanical engineers in the UK include; 

  1. Mechanical Design Engineer
  2. Mobile Mechanical Engineer
  3. Mechatronics Engineer
  4. Mechanical Maintenance Engineer
  5. Automation Engineer
  6. Apprentice Aircraft Engineers – JMI
  7. Research and Development Engineer
  8. Mechanical Engineering Lecturer
  9. Instrumentation engineer
  10. Powertrain engineer

The Responsibilities and Salary of Mechanical Engineers in the UK Economy 

Mechanical engineers play an important role in the UK economy across a wide range of industries. Their roles and responsibilities can vary depending on the specific sector in which they work, but some common roles and responsibilities of mechanical engineers in the UK economy include;

  • Conducting feasibility studies for new products, procedures, and systems. 
  • Researching and developing mechanical products.
  • Improving the processes of production. For example, those in large oil refineries or services within buildings.
  • Design and implementing cost-effective equipment modifications to help improve safety and reliability
  • Working on the specifications of projects, their budget, and timescale, and discussing with clients and managers.
  • Developing plans for the project using software
  • Coordinating with the craftsmen and technical agents.
  • Testing, analyzing, evaluating, and modifying products and systems.
  • Recommend changes and  modifications as per the prototype test results
  • Checking that the projects meet all necessary mechanical safety regulations
  • Looking for the inspection and maintenance programmed
  • Commissioning and monitoring plants and systems
  • Advising about technical loopholes
  • Consider the implications of issues such as cost, safety and time constraints.

For mechanical engineering, entry-level professionals with 1-3 years of experience, earn an average of £41,364. Moreover, in a mid-level lead engineer position, they can earn up to £50,000. At the senior level, with 8+ years of experience, professionals can earn an average of £73,243.  In a nutshell, the average mechanical engineer’s gross salary in the UK is £59,013 annually. 

Top Companies and Industries Hiring Mechanical Engineers in the UK

Mechanical engineering is a highly sought-after skill in the UK, and numerous companies and industries regularly hire mechanical engineers. Some of the top companies and industries hiring mechanical engineers in the UK include;

  • Aeronautics and Defense: Companies in the aerospace and defense industry, such as Rolls-Royce, BAE Systems, and Airbus, hire mechanical engineers.
  • Automotive: Companies in the automotive industry, like Bosch, hire mechanical engineers.
  • Alternative energy sources: Companies in the energy industry, like Mechanical Movement Ltd, and BP, hire mechanical engineers.
  • Manufacturing: Companies in the manufacturing industry such as Tanfield Engineering Limited, AECOM, HOARE LEA, Black, and Veatch hire mechanical engineers.
  • Consulting: Companies in the consulting industry such as Atkins, and Buro Happold hire mechanical engineers.
  • Construction: Companies in the construction industry such as ARUP, Jacobs, CERN, and WSP hire mechanical engineers.

Factors Affecting the Growing Demand for Mechanical Engineers in the UK 

Several factors can affect the demand for mechanical engineers in the UK, including;

  1. Economic factor: The credit crunch left many businesses having to reduce their headcount, and, in the process, many engineers moved out of the industry to ride out the recession. When the sectors picked up, many did not return, and skills were lost or became outdated. During the same period, employers reduced the number of entry-level positions, opening skills gaps in the long run.
  2. The emergence of technology: The emergence of new technologies and machinery impacts the demand for mechanical engineers. For example, the increasing use of automation in manufacturing and other industries can increase the need for engineers who can design, program, and maintain these technologies.
  3. Ageing Workforce: The shortage of relevant technical skills is worsened by the retirement of a larger portion of the ageing workforce. It has been estimated that 19.5% of engineers currently working in the UK will retire by the year 2026.

Challenges Faced by Mechanical Engineers in the UK

Mechanical engineers in the UK face several challenges in their profession. Some of them are as follows;

  • The shortage of skills required in the profession
  • High energy costs 
  • Difficulty in staff retention due to the ageing population
  • Global Supply Chain Disruption
  • Temporary loss of productivity due to difficulty in recruitment 


In conclusion, mechanical engineers have become one of the most sought-after professions in the UK. Whether you are a fresher or a working professional, there are a lot of opportunities available for mechanical engineers across various industries. With better knowledge and expertise, you can excel in your career in the UK and become a global leader in the industry.

Frequently Asked Questions

Are mechanical engineers in demand in the UK?

Over the past year, the demand for Mechanical Engineers has increased by 13%, this is due to continuous innovation within companies.

What is mechanical engineering?

It is the branch of engineering dealing with the design, construction, and use of machines.

Why study mechanical engineering in the UK?

Mechanical engineers are highly valued, and for that reason, they enjoy good salaries.

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